In Hindu Shastra, Ganesha is venerated as a god of good fortune and destroyer of all obstacles. Ganesha is defined as “Ajam Nirvikalpam Niraakaaramekam”, which further explains that Ganesha is Ajam (unborn), Nirvikalpa (attributeless) and Niraakaar (formless). Hence he is symbolized as omnipresent and omnipotent.
If you carefully look at the Ganesha images or sculptures, you can find that Ganesha holds different items in his hands. Holding different items symbolizes different meaning. Even in traditional form, it largely varies from one to another.
In this traditionally designed Dokhra Tribal Ganesha, Ganesha is holding an Anuksha in upper right hand, Gada is lower right hand, Noose in upper left hand and shankha (conch shell) in lower left hand. The meaning of holding these objects is as follows:
Anuksha: Anuksha or elephant goad is used to control elephants and it symbolizes the power to produce movement from inertia. Ganesha with Anuksha is believed to eradicate all the obstacles in order to direct being to the right paths. Anuksha signifies awakening of inner self by implementing ‘Passa’ – with awakening a lot of energy is being release and with Passa or control this energy is channeled to the right direction, which may otherwise go to wrong direction.
Gada: Gada symbolizes Shakti or power that pulls closer to the Truth. Holding Gada makes the loving Ganesha decisive and commanding, while fighting against all the odds and negative energies.
Noose: Noose symbolizes trapping illusion. Sometimes distraction becomes our enemy and hence we create our own obstacles. The noose in Ganesha’s hand catches our disturbed mind and set us back on course.
Shankha: Shankha (conch shell) represents inner peace and tranquility. It draws closer to the inner voice of Truth or conscience. On the other note, it is also believed to attract luck and prosperity. For any auspicious ocassion, it is blown to initiate the ceremony and this is done to harmonize the power of cosmic energy and to align with cosmic universe.